Emanuel’s practice has always been zero application of herbicides in the vineyard and at times they can become quite weedy, but at the same time it is these exact weeds which we control manually via mid row slashing and cultivating that are allowed to decompose adding the much needed organic matter back into the soil.

It is these practices which promote active and healthy bacteria development in the root zome which promote healthy and active worm colonies all in all to provide a healthy and active soil medium in which to grow our vines in.